The Mammmoth project has planted trees of more than 290 different species, and this has led to the return of many species of birds, mammals, amphibians, reptiles and insects.
THE PROJECT IS A GUIDE THAT INTENDS TO AWAKEN THE CONSCIOUSNESS TO RESTORE AND PRESERVE THE FORESTS
This project is the result of the ambitious initiative taken at the end of the 90s by the renowned Brazilian photographer Sebastião Salgado and his wife Lélia Deluiz Wanick Salgado. Facing the environmental devastation that was forming around the ranch that the Salgado family had bought near the town of Aimorés, in the Brazilian state of Minas Gerais, they decided to return their property to the natural state of subtropical forest. The results have been really impressive.
THE DREAM OF GROWING A FOREST IN BRAZIL WAS THE BIRTH OF THE TERRA INSTITUTE
When the famous Brazilian photographer Sebastião Salgado went to the land of his ancestors in the state of Minas Gerais, instead of the tropical paradise he remembered from his childhood, he found massive deforestation and the disappearance of wildlife.
It was devastated. It was 1994 and he had just returned from the traumatic Rwandan genocide as a reporter.
“The land was as sick as I was – everything was destroyed,” Salgado told The Guardian. “Only 0.5% of the land conserved trees.”
Salgado’s wife, Lélia Deluiz Wanick Salgado, had the idea of reforesting the area. When they started doing it, all the insects, birds and fish began to return.
Salgado and his family became partners, created a foundation and in April 1998, they founded the Terra Institute and now have more than 2 million trees planted, resulting in a radical transformation of the environment.
In doing so, Salgado says he has found an answer to climate change – as well as a creative inspiration.
“We may have the solution, we only have one way that transforms CO2 into oxygen, and that is trees, we need to continue reforesting, we need forests with native trees, we need seeds from the same regions where reforestation is done because otherwise snakes and termites will not return, otherwise the animals will not come and the forest will be silent. “
“We need to listen to the people who live in the countryside, nature is the earth and it’s another entity, if we do not have some kind of spiritual reunion with our planet, I’m afraid we’ll be lost.”
NATIVE TREE SPECIES WERE CHOSEN
The Terra Institute committed itself to the recovery of 1,502 jungle hectares in the Bulcão Farm in Aimorés, Minas Gerais. The farm was totally devastated when, in 1998, it received the title of Private Natural Reserve (PNHR). The old cattle ranch originally covered 1,740 hectares.
The first stage of planting was in December 1999, and since then, year after year, with the help of associations it has been possible to plant more than two million seeds of more than 290 species of trees, recreating a forest of tree species and shrubs originating from the Atlantic areas.
Currently, only 10% of PNHR remains to be restored. And the process continues, with the increase of Atlantic tree species in the region.
By stopping soil erosion, the reforestation of the soil at the Bulcão farm is encouraging a resurgence of the farm’s hydrological resources, both in quantity and quality.
They have been born eight natural springs and even in times of drought, they flow with an approximate speed of about 20 liters per minute.
Native species of trees planted in a completely degraded area have been chosen with the aim of creating a forest with high biomass and diversity.
The fauna is returning: many species that were in danger of extinction now find a safe environment in the Balcão farm.
Fauna are returning: many species that were disappearing now find a secure home in Balcão Farm.
Among the birds, 172 different species have been identified, of which six are in danger of extinction
There are 33 species of mammals, two of which are in danger of extinction worldwide (Classified as “vulnerable”)
There are also 15 species of amphibians, 15 of reptiles and 293 species of plants
ABOUT SEBASTIÃO SALGADO
In the last 45 years, the award-winning Brazilian photographer and photojournalist Sebastião Ribeiro Salgado has been traveling all over the continents in search of the footprint of the human being altering nature. He has witnessed and recorded the main events of our recent history: international conflicts, famines and exoduses.
Salgado has traveled through 120 countries to carry out his photographic projects. Most of which have appeared in numerous press publications and books. There have been traveling exhibitions of this work throughout the world.
note from page: https://www.brightvibes.com/1083/es/el-fotografo-brasileno-y-el-proyecto-de-reforestacion-de-20-anos-de-mas-de-27-millones-de-arboles